In today's world, finding factual and up to date information can be a challenge. Children today are extremely technology literate and are growing up in a world where we can ask a device or poke a screen and have access to any information they want to seek. But how do we teach to them that some information is more accurate than others? This is a resource for teachers and librarians on teaching Information Literacy to children.
According to the former President of the American Library Association from 2016-2017 Julie B. Todaro, DSL, "In the spring of 2017, hundred of fake news pathfinders had appeared with steady, significant monthly increases in online content designed to address the continuing issues. Almost a year later, over 7,000 specific fake news pages exist" (Todaro, 2018).
It is important that children learn to navigate through the misleading swamp of online materials and learn to extract reliable and correct information. This guide is meant to help find information and other resources based on age groups or teachers, librarians and parents to able to use. When starting to think about putting together a lesson plan, a great first steps is accessing the Information Literacy Standards for Teacher Education EBSS Instruction for Educators Committee 2006‐2007 – 2010‐2011 from th ACRL.
Information Literacy lies at the core of lifelong learning. It empowers people in all walks of life to seek, evaluate, use and create information effectively to achieve their personal, social, occupational and educational goals. It is a basic human right in a digital world and promotes social inclusion of all nations.
Lifelong learning enables individuals, communities and nations to attain their goals and to take advantage of emerging opportunities in the evolving global environment for shared benefit. It assists them and their institutions to meet technological, economic and social challenges, to redress disadvantage and to advance the well being of all. (IFLA, 2015)
It is easy to confuse Information Literacy with Digital Literacy. Information Literacy is about understanding the information being provided and weighing it's factual standings. In a 2011 article of Library Technology Reports Digital Literacy is defined as:
"Understanding digital literacy generally refers to a variety of skills associated with using ICT (information and communication technologies) to find, evaluate, create and communicate information. It is the sum of the technical skills and cognitive skills people employ to use computers to retrieve information, interpret what they find and judge the quality of that information. It also includes the ability to communicate and collaborate using the Internet - through blogs, self-published documents and presentations and collaborative social networking platforms "
Digital Literacy is understanding how the technology works, and Information Literacy is understanding if the information being shown is accurate or reliable.